Associations among Distance, Quality, and Safety When Walking from a Park-and-Ride Facility to the Transit Station in the Twin Cities

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

land use - impacts, land use - planning, mode - park and ride, place - north america, place - urban, planning - personal safety/crime, ridership - behaviour


walking tolerance, stated preference, land use, economic development, transit-oriented development


Planners are interested in moving park-and-ride facilities away from transit stations and leaving space nearby for development. However, the literature offers no indication on how park-and-riders would tolerate longer walking distances. This study applies stated preference surveys to examine park-and-riders’ walking tolerance and other influential factors. We found that park-and-riders overwhelmingly prefer short walking distances but a pedestrian-friendly environment can offset the disutility of walking distances. With safe intersections, good pedestrian infrastructure, and an attractive building appearance, this study indicates that park-and-riders will walk up to two blocks more than they otherwise would. They stated that security, sidewalk, and crosswalk conditions are the most critical.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by SAGE, copyright remains with them.