Developing a tool for assessing park-and-ride facilities in a sustainable mobility perspective

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - europe, place - urban, mode - park and ride, policy - sustainable, planning - methods


Park-and-ride (P&R), sustainable mobility, case-studies, studies, system-wide, wide, long-term


This article presents results from context-related empirical case-studies of the traffic-reducing effects of 12 existing Norwegian park-and-ride facilities (P&R), in a sustainable mobility perspective. It further presents results from studies of planning processes related to construction or expansion of P&Rs. Main findings are that introduction or expansion of P&R normally cannot be expected to contribute to traffic reductions, if understood in a strategic, long-term and system-wide perspective. Further, that Norwegian planning processes are weak with respect to evidence-based ex-ante assessments of the traffic-reducing effects of P&R. The results and experiences from these studies were used in developing an easy-to-use tool for ex-ante assessments of traffic-reducing effects of P&R, taking properties of the facilities and the context of their location into consideration. The tool also includes suggestions of alternative measures to introducing or expanding P&Rs. As cities and urban regions in many countries struggle to curb traffic-growth and achieve more sustainable mobility patterns, we believe the empirical results, as well as the suggested assessment tool, will be useful also beyond the Norwegian context.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Taylor&Francis, copyright remains with them.