Extending public transit accessibility models to recognise transfer location

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - australasia, place - urban, mode - bus, infrastructure - interchange/transfer, planning - methods, technology - geographic information systems, technology - ticketing systems


Accessibility, Transit, Spatial, Transfer, Smart card, GIS


A longstanding issue for public transit agencies has been how to assess the performance of transit service including spatial service coverage to meet the transport needs of the community. The conventional approach quantifies accessibility using door-to-door travel time in such a way that accessibility declines as the travel time to the opportunity increases. A new approach to modelling transit accessibility is proposed by incorporating the potential effect of transfer location. It builds on the premise that transit users may have a preference for a transfer location best located relative to the trip origin and destination points. The model is tested in Brisbane's bus network which has a radial form, where inner-city suburbs have relatively higher accessibility than outer-city suburbs, if only travel time is counted. Incorporating the transfer location refines the accessibility modelling so that some outer-city suburbs located along the major bus corridors have a relatively higher accessibility level. The new model also suggests that inner-city suburbs do not necessarily have better accessibility. Suburbs close to the city centre may have shorter transit travel time to reach other suburbs, but they do not have a well-connected transit network to other suburbs through service transfers.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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