Title

Impact of new rail transit stations on neighborhood destination choices and income segregation

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date

2020

Subject Area

place - north america, mode - rail, land use - impacts, land use - transit oriented development

Keywords

Public transit, Residential mobility, Location choice, Income segregation, PSID

Abstract

This article examines the neighborhood destination choices made by movers in neighborhoods affected by rail transit investments in the United States between 1970 and 2013 using data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics. The results suggest that of those that move following the placement of a new rail transit station, low-income individuals are more likely to move to more disadvantaged neighborhoods following rail transit investments in their neighborhood when a small share of the neighborhood is covered by the station's service area. If the origin neighborhood is more accessible to the station however, lower-income residents are equally likely to move within the same neighborhood or to a neighborhood of similar socioeconomic status. Middle-to-high income individuals that relocated, particularly homeowners, are more likely to move to higher income neighborhoods, particularly within a few years before opening. These results contribute to the ongoing debate regarding transit-induced gentrification, affordable housing in transit-oriented developments, and public transit's role in shaping residential location choice and subsequent income segregation patterns.

Rights

Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.

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