Give public transit a chance: A comparative analysis of competitive travel time in public transit modal share

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - asia, place - north america, place - south america, ridership - behaviour, ridership - commuting


Competitiveness, Public transit, Car ownership, Captive riders, Choice riders, Megacities


Extensive research has found that people are more likely to choose the transport alternative which offers shorter travel time. But few studies approached the role of travel time across different transport alternatives and cities. This research assesses the influence of competitive travel time between car and public transit in public transit modal share for commute trips. São Paulo, New York, and Tokyo were selected to perform the analysis. A Fractional Logistic Regression in the binary form was drawn, and a competitive travel time index was calculated based on the Car/Public transit travel time ratio weighted by the number of the employed population at the origin and jobs at destinations in the absence of an Origin-Destination matrix. Findings suggest that, though car ownership was identified as the major factor, Car/Public transit travel time ratio is positively associated with the increase of public transit modal share. Furthermore, the Car/Public transit travel time ratio effect in public transit modal share consistently increases as people get increased access to cars.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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