A joint panel binary logit and fractional split model for converting route-level transit ridership data to stop-level boarding and alighting data

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - north america, mode - bus, technology - passenger information, ridership - behaviour, ridership - modelling


Transit ridership, Alighting, Boarding, Bus stop, Route-level, Joint model, Binary


Detailed ridership analytics requires refined data on transit ridership to understand factors affecting ridership (at the stop and/or route-level). However, detailed data for stop-based boarding and alighting information are not readily available for the entire bus system. Transit agencies usually resort to compiling ridership data on a sample of buses operating on the various routes. We propose an approach to infer stop-level ridership for transit systems that only compile route-level ridership information. A joint model structure of binary logit and fractional split model is proposed to estimate stop-level ridership data sourced from route-level ridership. The model is developed for the Greater Orlando region with ridership data for 8 quadrimesters (four-month time periods) from May 2014 through December 2016. In the presence of repeated data measures, panel version of the joint econometric models for boarding and alighting are estimated. The development of such an analytical framework will allow bus systems with only route-level ridership data to generate stop-level ridership data. The model results offer intuitive results and clearly supports our hypothesis that it is feasible to generate stop-level ridership with route-level ridership data. For transit agencies with ridership data at the stop-level, the proposed model can also be employed to understand how various stops along a route interact with one another toward affecting route-level ridership contributions.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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