Slowly coming out of COVID-19 restrictions in Australia: Implications for working from home and commuting trips by car and public transport

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - australasia, place - urban, ridership - commuting, land use - planning, planning - surveys


Coronavirus, COVID-19, Travel activity, Working from home (WFH), Ordered logit WFH model, Frequency of modal commuting, Poisson regression, Household surveys, Australian evidence


With the onset of COVID-19 restrictions and the slow relaxing of many restrictions, it is imperative that we understand what this means for the performance of the transport network. In going from almost no commuting, except for essential workers, to a slow increase in travel activity with working from home (WFH) continuing to be both popular and preferred, this paper draws on two surveys, one in late March at the height of restrictions and one in late May as restrictions are starting to be partially relaxed, to develop models for WFH and weekly one-way commuting travel by car and public transport. We compare the findings as one way to inform us of the extent to which a sample of Australian residents have responded through changes in WFH and commuting. While it is early days to claim any sense of a new stable pattern of commuting activity, this paper sets the context for ongoing monitoring of adjustments in travel activity and WFH, which can inform changes required in the revision of strategic metropolitan transport models as well as more general perspectives on future transport and land use policy and planning.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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