Electric buses’ sustainability effects, noise, energy use, and costs


Sven Borén

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

mode - bus, place - europe, technology - alternative fuels, technology - emissions, economics, policy - sustainable, infrastructure - vehicle


Electric bus, life cycle, noise, societal cost, sustainability, total cost of ownership


Electric buses are growing in numbers in Sweden, which contributes to the development of a fossil fuel free society and a reduction of emissions. Earlier studies of bus systems have identified a need to further investigate societal costs, total cost of ownership, energy use on a yearly basis to account for seasonal variations, and noise during acceleration. Addressing those needs was the purpose of this study. Investigations were made in five cities in Sweden that have recently implemented different electric buses in their respective public transport system. Based on results from these investigations and earlier studies, new and developed models where designed and applied on electric buses on route 1 in Karlskrona, as a representative example. It was found that there were significant savings in societal costs and total cost of ownership when compared to diesel and biogas powered buses, mainly due to decreased noise, no emissions in the use phase, and decreased energy use.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Taylor&Francis, copyright remains with them.