Spatial and socio-economic analysis of public transport systems in large cities: A case study for Belo Horizonte, Brazil

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - south america, place - urban, mode - bus, ridership - disadvantage, ridership - demand, planning - methods


Spatial analysis, Urban mobility, Transport accessibility, Public transportation


The main goal of this article is to evaluate the relationship between the spatial distribution of the population of the city of Belo Horizonte, one of the largest cities in South America, and its public transport network, seeking to ascertain whether the current bus network is able to meet the needs of the population. The methodology was based on data processing and vector information from different sources through spatial analysis tools. As expected, the results revealed a greater concentration of routes and bus stops in the central region of Belo Horizonte, which is the main commercial center of the municipality and its metropolitan region. However, the results suggest evidences of a disadvantage for the population with lower income, especially those living on the periphery. A possible explanation for this disadvantage is the invisibility of these communities due to their high level of irregular occupation. Under the eyes of public transport planning, they are not recognized, and, theoretically, do not generate demand for lines and bus stops.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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