Exploring the factors affecting travel behaviors during the second phase of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - north america, place - urban, planning - surveys, ridership - behaviour


COVID-19, pandemic, travel behavior, public transportation, shopping


The COVID-19 outbreak significantly disrupted urban mobility across the world and affected people’s travel behaviors. This paper aims to explore the relationship between socio-demographic and health factors and changes in travel behavior during the second phase of this outbreak. We proposed two measures to assess these changes: (i) whether an individual reduced the number of trips to stores during the second phase of the pandemic and (ii) whether an individual reduced the number of trips by public transport during this period. Two binary logit models were estimated based on survey data from the United States Census Bureau. The results indicate that all variables, including age, gender, educational status, marital status, work loss, difficulty with expenses, household size, work type, income, health status, and anxiousness were significantly associated with changes in travel behavior.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Taylor&Francis, copyright remains with them.