Analysis on bike-share ridership for origin-destination pairs: Effects of public transit route characteristics and land-use patterns

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

mode - bike, mode - subway/metro, ridership - commuting, infrastructure - station, land use - impacts


Bike-share, Public transit, OD analysis, Ridership


Studies on bike-share programs have dramatically increased during the past decades. While numerous studies have examined various factors affecting bike-share demand at the station-level, few attempts have been made to understand bike-share ridership at the origin-destination (OD) level due to technical difficulties. The objective of this study is to examine whether existing public transit characteristics affect bike-share ridership at OD-level. We combined three datasets: (1) bike-share ridership data, (2) land-use and bike-transit infrastructure, and (3) bike-transit route characteristics between OD pairs of bike stations. Zero-inflated negative binomial (ZINB) regression models were used for the analysis. Our results showed that the travel distance between OD bike stations, land-use compositions, and the existence of bike-friendly infrastructures were significant factors determining bike-share ridership at the OD-level. In particular, a longer duration of public transit trips than bike-share, and more transit transfers, were associated with bike-share ridership. Further, this study showed that bike-share and public transit might compete with or promote each other, even within the city. The study's findings suggest that the relative efficiency of bike-share compared to public transit is highly associated with bike-share demand and help to increase the utility of bike-share system in response to several limitations of existing public transit networks.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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