Planning skip-stop transit service under heterogeneous demands

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - urban, ridership - demand, operations - scheduling


Transit corridor design, Skip-stop service, Continuous approximation, Heterogeneous demand


Transit vehicles operating under skip-stop service visit only a subset of the stops residing along a corridor. It is a strategy commonly used to increase vehicle speeds and reduce patron travel times. The present paper develops a continuous approximation model to optimally design a select form of skip-stop service, termed AB-type service. The model accounts for demand patterns that slowly vary over space. An efficient heuristic is developed to obtain solutions. These are shown to be near-optimal for a variety of numerical examples. Results also indicate that optimal AB-type designs outperform optimized all-stop service in a variety of cases. The AB-type service is found to be especially competitive when travel demands are high, trip origins are unevenly distributed along a corridor, and patrons have relatively high values of time. In these cases, AB-type service is found to reduce system costs by as much as 8%.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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