Train Scheduling Method to Reduce Substation Energy Consumption and Peak Power of Metro Transit Systems

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

mode - subway/metro, place - asia, place - urban, operations - scheduling, operations - frequency, operations - coordination


Energy consumption, Optimization, Regenerative braking, Scheduling, Metro


The rapid development of metro transit systems brings very significant energy consumption, and the high service frequency of metro trains increases the peak power requirement, which affects the operation of systems. Train scheduling optimization is an effective method to reduce energy consumption and substation peak power by adjusting timetable parameters. This paper proposes a train timetable optimization model to coordinate the operation of trains. The overlap time between accelerating and braking phases is maximized to improve the utilization of regenerative braking energy (RBE). Meanwhile, the overlap time between accelerating phases is minimized to reduce the substation peak power. In addition, the timetable optimization model is rebuilt into a mixed integer linear programming model by introducing logical and auxiliary variables, which can be solved by related solvers effectively. Case studies based on one of Guangzhou Metro Lines indicate that, for all-day operation, the utilization of RBE would likely be improved on the order of 23%, the substation energy consumption would likely be reduced on the order of 14%, and the duration of substation peak power would likely be reduced on the order of 66%.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by SAGE, copyright remains with them.