Analysis of the Integration Usage Patterns of Multiple Shared Mobility Modes and Metro System

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

mode - bike, mode - subway/metro, mode - other, place - asia, place - urban, ridership - mode choice, ridership - behaviour, planning - integration, land use - impacts, policy - sustainable


Metro, sustainable transportation


Although metro systems are established in many Asian cities including Chengdu, they have yet to cover every corner of a city. Understanding the transfer behavior of passengers can provide insight into achieving efficient and sustainable urban transport systems. Combining shared mobility programs with metro to improve the weaknesses of traditional feeder modes is viewed as the most promising line of business in sustainable transportation for the near future. Therefore, this study aims to comprehend the factors affecting the usage regularity of shared mobility by deepening the knowledge on endogenous and exogenous effects, and integrating two modes, namely bike-sharing and ridesourcing. Two systems are cross-compared, first in respect of their travel characteristics. Then, a binary logistic model is employed to capture the influences of trip characteristics and travel environment characteristics on their usage frequency. Researchers found that trip distance is significantly associated with users’ mode options, indicating that bike-sharing and ridesourcing mainly serve short-distance and long-distance transfer users, respectively, although some users may be confused which feeder mode to choose for the journeys of 2 km to 4 km. There were also meteorological and temporal influences, with the competition and complementation of multiple shared mobility feeder modes being likely to change under extreme weather conditions, during peak hours, or on weekends. Besides, metro-shared mobility users value the accessibility of two kinds of transport service, which is affected by the metro station and its surrounding built environment. This study and the proposed policy implications are helpful for embracing a sustainable mobility design from general optimum.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by SAGE, copyright remains with them.