The impact of public transport expansions on informality: The case of the São Paulo Metropolitan Region

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - south america, place - urban, ridership - commuting, land use - impacts, land use - planning


Informality, Public transport, Commuting, Accessibility, Brazil


We estimate the impact of public transport system expansions on local informality rates for the São Paulo Metropolitan Region between 2000 and 2010. To do so, we compare the average changes in informality in areas which received new public transport infrastructure with the average changes in areas which were supposed to receive infrastructure according to official plans, but did not because of delays. After controlling for endogenous selection, we find that, on average, informality rates decreased more in areas receiving new public transport infrastructure compared to areas that faced project delays.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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