Modal accessibility disparities and transport poverty in the Oslo region

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - europe, policy - equity, policy - sustainable, ridership - commuting


Accessibility, Public transport competitiveness, Transport poverty, Transport related social exclusion


Sufficient accessibility to opportunities, with different transport modes, is an important factor in order to avoid transport-related social exclusion and transport poverty. This paper investigates the social and geographical disparities in accessibility and time competitiveness of public transport in the Oslo region. Both place-based access to employment opportunities and the working population’s individual-specific commutes are measured. The study combines registry data with detailed accessibility metrics and uses descriptive maps and spatial regression models to study transport poverty. The results show that less affluent neighbourhoods suffer from low accessibility and poor time competitiveness of public transport, which is partly related to the suburbanization of poverty. This suggests that the transition to low emission mobility, with restrictions on car use, may be especially burdensome in less affluent neighbourhoods. The findings can help policy makers in securing an equitable transition from car to more sustainable transport modes.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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