Individual, household, and urban form determinants of trip chaining of non-work travel in México City

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - urban, place - north america, ridership - behaviour, ridership - modelling, ridership - mode choice, ridership - disadvantage, land use - impacts, land use - urban density


Trip chaining, Mexico City, Non-work travel, Built environment


This project studies the driving factors of non-work travel trip chaining in the México City Metropolitan Area (MCMA). It has been argued that urban traveling is increasingly becoming more intricate given that travelers pursue more than one activity in their daily travel. Unlike commuting, non-work travel has been less studied, the literature being even scarcer if we consider the Latin American context as well. Non-work travel is represented by travel to study and other variety of destinations. Thus, using the 2017 Household Origin-Destination Survey (HODS17), this paper analyzes separately the groups of “Students” and the rest of travelers called “Others” in terms of patterns of trip chaining among three modes choices: Transit, Car, and Mixed transportation. Two regression models were applied to study the determinants of 1) number of stops in the daily travel (trip chaining) and 2) tour categories in increasing degree of complexity. A descriptive analysis identified that Car users and Mixed transportation had the highest shares of complex tours together with those in the “Others” group. The associations found between some socioeconomic variables (gender, age, and household size) with trip chaining and tour complexity were different among Students and Others, and discussed in relation to the existing literature. Moreover, most urban form variables supported the hypothesis that dense and diverse urban environments are associated with more trip chaining and tour complexity. These results were discussed in light of the implications to understand the transport disadvantage condition of peripheral low-income neighborhoods typical of big cities in the developing context.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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