Infrastructure enabled eco-approach for transit system: A simulation approach

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

mode - bus, place - urban, infrastructure - stop, infrastructure, technology - emissions, planning - service level, planning - methods


infrastructure-enabled eco-approach, transit operation, transit service


This paper develops an infrastructure-enabled eco-approach specifically for transit systems, where a two-stage simulation approach is proposed to include the impact of bus stops, and can further quantify the effects of infrastructure-enabled eco-approach on transit operating and service. The developed system is then embedded into a well-developed simulation environment, i.e., Simulation of Urban Mobility (SUMO), and a series of real-world-based cases are designed to compare the proposed system with traditional method and non-control case at segment-, line-, and network-level service respectively. Results reveal that the proposed method outperforms the traditional eco approach and can significantly improve the energy efficiency and reduce CO2 emission by up to 54.33%, where the environmental benefits are more clearly seen when more transit services are involved. In particular, it has the capability of marginalizing the speed fluctuations around the bus stop.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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