Environmental impact assessment of bike-sharing considering the modal shift from public transit

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - asia, mode - bike, mode - bus, mode - car, mode - pedestrian, mode - subway/metro, technology - emissions, planning - environmental impact, planning - methods


Bike sharing, CO2 emissions, public transit, environmental impact


Bike sharing has the potential to benefit the environment with less energy consumption and CO2 emissions. Most previous studies on this topic assumed that bikeshare trips mainly substitute cars. However, bikeshare also replaces ecologically friendly transportation modes like public transit (PT). Therefore, it is vital to examine bikeshare's modal shift from PT to fully assess its environmental impacts. This paper examines the bikeshare and PT relationships in Chengdu,and environmental effects of bike sharing under two cases based on this relationship. The first case only considers the substitution of bikeshare for car and walking, and 19,964.31 L of fuel and 4125.13 kg of CO2 can be saved; while the second case also considers its substitution for buses and subways, and 13,198.68 L of fuel and 2564.31 kg of CO2 can be saved. Results indicate that the environmental benefits of bike sharing may be overestimated if not considering its substitution for PT.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


Transportation Research Part D Home Page: