Congestion pricing acceptability among commuters: An Indian perspective

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - asia, place - urban, planning - surveys, planning - service improvement, policy - congestion, ridership - commuting, ridership - perceptions, economics - pricing, economics - revenue


Congestion pricing, Road pricing, Commuters' acceptability, Binary logit, Ordered probit, Traffic congestion


Congestion pricing can be an efficient instrument to internalize the congestion externality and reduce traffic-related problems. However, commuters' acceptability, especially commuters' acceptability, is often a barrier that prevents its implementation. The acceptability of congestion pricing by Asian commuters has not been studied much, except for the cases of Singapore and Hong Kong. In the present study, a comprehensive approach to identify the key attributes affecting the acceptability of congestion pricing by Indian commuters was used. A survey was carried out at major shopping areas and workplaces in Hyderabad, India's fastest-growing city. Using binary logit and ordered probit models, the survey data were analyzed to identify the key attributes influencing commuters' acceptability of congestion pricing. Results indicate that higher income and education were associated with a higher likelihood of accepting congestion pricing. Age was also found to have a positive association with congestion pricing acceptability. Reduction in travel time and increased public transport satisfaction were found to be the two major perceived benefits (motivators) associated with congestion pricing. Based on the findings, the policy recommendation is that the generated revenue from congestion pricing is used to improve the public transport infrastructure and safety standards of the urban road network.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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