Public acceptance and the environmental impact of electric bus services

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

mode - bus, place - asia, place - urban, technology - alternative fuels, technology - emissions, planning - surveys, planning - environmental impact, ridership - commuting, ridership - attitudes


Electric bus, emissions, commuter


The implementation of electric vehicle policies in Indonesia is still at an early stage to achieve the government’s target in 2025. However, the government of Jakarta is planning to operate electric buses for TransJakarta’s bus services network to reduce CO2 emissions and, at the same time, increase convenience. This research explores commuters’ preferences for using electric buses with survey data from 1,029 commuters, employing a stated choice experiment and Mixed Logit Model (MXL) to calculate CO2 emissions reduction. The results show that buses and trains are the two most dominant preferences chosen by the respondents due to several factors, including cheapest travel costs, shortest travel times, and lowest emissions levels. Furthermore, the results also imply that electric buses are preferable to non-electric buses and that the implementation of electric buses will potentially reduce up to 96,332,825 kg of CO2 annually.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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