Zone-based TOD evaluation considering interdependences among criteria and zones

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - asia, place - urban, land use - transit oriented development, land use - planning


Transit-oriented development, Analytic network process, Multiple criteria evaluation, Interdependence


This article presents a zone-based evaluation method to measure the level of transit-oriented development (TOD) within a zone. The method is an analytic network process (ANP) and contributes to the literature on TOD evaluation in dealing with the interdependencies among criteria and zones. The method was applied to the evaluation of 456 zones in Taipei City, Taiwan to confirm the method's applicability, verify the necessity of considering interdependences in TOD evaluation, and examine the validity of evaluation results. The evaluation results of the case study suggest that considering zonal interdependences in TOD evaluation raises the correlation between measured TOD levels and mode shares of transit systems among zones and provides action directions to the local administration in developing a transit-oriented environment for a neighborhood.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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