Modeling the capacity of multimodal and intermodal urban transportation networks that incorporate emerging travel modes

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - urban, mode - car, mode - bus, planning - methods, ridership - behaviour


urban transport, multimodal mobility, travel behavior


Given the increasing prevalence of new urban transport modes such as ridesharing, e-hailing, and combined transport, it is essential to evaluate their effects on the capacity of transportation networks. Hence, this paper develops a novel transportation network capacity model to capture the travel behaviors of inter-multimodal mobility in an urban transportation system that incorporates emerging travel modes. The novel model is formulated as a bi-level programming problem, in which the lower-level model is a combined modal split and traffic assignment (CMSTA) problem based on mathematical programming. The CMSTA problem adopts the cross-nested logit model to account for intermodal travel behavior in the modal split phase and the path-sized logit model to account for route overlap in the traffic assignment phase. Moreover, the logit-based trip distribution model is used to capture the dispatch of the e-hailing traffic flow and the matching of ridesharing drivers with passengers. Besides, we consider flow interactions (e.g., cars and buses sharing the same link) in the road network. We customize a solution framework for solving this novel model that adopts the recently developed fast path-based algorithm with the Barzilai–Borwein stepsize strategy to efficiently solve the CMSTA problem, and derive a sensitivity analysis-based (SAB) algorithm to solve the entire bi-level programming problem. The effectiveness of the novel model is verified in numerical experiments that demonstrate the effects of intermodal transportation, e-hailing, and ridesharing on the capacity of a multimodal transportation network.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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