The spatially varying effects of built environment characteristics on the integrated usage of dockless bike-sharing and public transport

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

land use - impacts, land use - planning, land use - urban density, mode - bike, mode - bus, mode - subway/metro, place - asia, place - urban, planning - integration


Public transport, dockless bike-sharing (DBS)


The dockless bike-sharing (DBS) system offers a flexible feeder mode for connecting to public transport. Using multi-source big data, this study employs a multi-scale geographically weighted regression to analyze the effects of built environment characteristics on the integrated usage of DBS and public transport. Different modes of public transport (i.e., bus and subway) are further considered to explore these effects by defining two scenarios in Beijing, namely the bike-bus scenario and the bike-subway scenario. The results show that the number of points of interest around public transport stations (e.g., education and culture places, leisure services, and residential and accommodation services), length of main road, and length of cycle path significantly affect the integrated usage in the two scenarios. However, population density, number of workplaces, and number of shopping and eating places only play a vital role in the integrated DBS and bus system. Access to bus stops significantly impacts the integration of DBS and the subway. In addition, the effects of these built environment characteristics on the integrated usage are diverse in different areas. These findings can be utilized to create a bike-friendly environment to encourage a connection between DBS and public transport.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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