Evaluating shared e-scooters’ potential to enhance public transit and reduce driving

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - north america, place - urban, planning - surveys, planning - integration, planning - methods, economics - pricing


shared e-scooters, public transit, mode choice


This study evaluates if and to what extent shared e-scooters can enhance public transit and reduce driving. Survey results from Washington D.C. and Los Angeles confirm that many have used shared e-scooters to connect with transit and to replace car trips. Mode choice models further suggest that males, non-Whites, and people without a college degree are more inclined to use shared e-scooters. The stated preference for combined use of shared e-scooters and transit (“scoot-N-ride”) is stronger among non-White respondents, but it does not differ by gender, age, income, or education. Moreover, we find that “e-scooter + transit” bundled pricing can effectively promote scoot-N-ride. Finally, while survey respondents intend to use shared e-scooters for short trips only, they are willing to use scoot-N-ride for medium-to-long trips. We call for coordination between transit agencies and e-scooter operators to maximize the potential for shared micromobility to enhance transit and reduce driving.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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