Women's access to urban public transport: Toward addressing policy constraints in combating sexual harassment

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - urban, policy - equity, policy - social exclusion, ridership - commuting


women's access to public transport, gender-responsive policy interventions


Women's physical harassment in public transport (PT) and public spaces is a pervasive and pressing issue across the globe. In developing countries, women's easy access to public transport and harassment-free travel in urban areas have been hindered by a combination of factors. These include gender stereotype behavior, sociocultural stigma, poor transport settings, and a male-dominated transport sector. As a result, women often face numerous acrimonious experiences in their everyday mobility. In light of these issues, this study seeks to analyze existing literature to gain a deeper understanding of how gender roles and women's positions in society shape travel behavior, as well as explore how gender-responsive policy interventions can effectively ensure an inclusive urban transport system for female commuters in developing countries. Through qualitative narrative analysis of previous research, the study aims to frame a conceptual relationship framework, which focuses on identifying micro to macro-level constraints and emphasizes the importance of gender-responsive policy interventions. The study expects that this framework will provide insight into how gender-responsive transport policies and women's participation in the transport sector can address constraints in transit environments. Furthermore, this study will assist in initiating measures to correct the gender-blind approach and provide a solid basis for policy advice in the arena of public transport and gender.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


Transport Policy Home Page: