Travel Mode Choice Behavior for High-Speed Railway Stations Based on Multi-Source Data

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

mode - subway/metro, mode - taxi, mode - bus, place - asia, infrastructure - station, ridership - behaviour, ridership - commuting, ridership - mode choice, ridership - perceptions, land use - impacts, operations - reliability, planning - surveys, planning - service quality


planning and analysis, public transportation, station parking


The service quality of connecting travel mode at high-speed railway (HSR) stations plays an essential role in the travel chain. Most travel choice behavior studies are based on survey data and focus on special scenarios, such as going to work or school. Few studies have addressed travel mode choices for connecting to HSR stations. Based on multi-source data, this study aims to investigate the influences of travel time, cost, reliability, detour, and land use on connecting mode choice behaviors at HSR stations. Taking the Xi’anbei railway station as an example, this study analyzes the behavior characteristics of connecting modes including conventional buses, subway transit, and taxis, and builds a connecting travel mode choice behavior model for arrival/departure at HSR stations based on a generalized additive model (GAM). The results show that connecting travelers at HSR stations prefer to choose subways and taxis during the morning and evening peak hours. The perceived costs for arriving travelers are less sensitive than those for departing travelers. Arriving travelers are significantly more sensitive to reliability than departing travelers. Connecting travelers are less sensitive to cost and more sensitive to reliability than commuting travelers. The research results can provide suggestions and guidelines for connecting facility planning in HSR stations.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by SAGE, copyright remains with them.