Does mass rapid transit reduce motorcycle travel? Evidence from Taipei, Taiwan


Bing-yu Chiu

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Date


Subject Area

place - asia, place - urban, mode - subway/metro, mode - other, planning - methods, planning - surveys, ridership - behaviour, ridership - mode choice


mass transit, metro, motorcycles, mode choice


Motorcycles bring environmental harm. Many cities with high motorcycle ownership rates have been establishing or expanding mass transit. Whether these investments can lure existing motorcycle users is of policy concern. This research is the first to examine mass rapid transit effects on motorcycle travel, using datasets from the most recent 2000 and 2009 large-scale household travel surveys in Taipei, one of the world’s earliest motorcycle-stressed cities to have adopted a metro system. The difference-in-differences method was employed to examine the treatment effects of metro stations on mode choice in trips and household motorcycle vehicle kilometers traveled within their proximity, controlling for built environment and socioeconomic predictors of motorcycle travel. Findings suggest that both newly introduced metro stations and older pre-existing ones were effective in reducing the motorcycle mode choice probability relative to that of the metro for trips originating nearby as well as household motorcycle vehicle kilometers traveled around them.


Permission to publish the abstract has been given by Elsevier, copyright remains with them.


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